According to the latest survey, almost 70%of adults in the United States happen to be overweight. Thus, one in every four adults suffers from high blood pressure called hypertension as well.
If you know anything about BMI (body mass index), then you might have the idea of how this BMI is calculated and then set a label of being underweight or overweight.
More than 30 BMI is considered to be obese and have a high risk of developing high blood pressure.
An overweight body’s heart tends to work harder to pump blood which puts pressure on the arteries as a result, the arteries resist the flow of blood causing high blood pressure.
Furthermore, obesity and hypertension together lead to a high risk of cardiovascular disease. People with the most fat on their belly are at higher risk of having heart dysfunction.
Additionally, not only the heart but your kidneys get affected as well while you eat junk and unhealthy food and putting a strain on your kidneys.
Your high blood pressure ultimately damages the tiny vessels in the kidneys and you face improper functioning. Thick blood flow makes it harder for kidneys to filter and eventually the heart needs to work even harder as a result.
Types of Hypertensions
Hypertension has two main types: Primary hypertension and Secondary hypertension. The most common type of hypertension in people is primary or essential hypertension.
Overweight people are usually facing this type of hypertension.
Primary or essential hypertension has been the center of attention because it is so common.
People misunderstood the nature of this hypertension type due to many reasons including kidney issues caused by any reason, neural activity, and inheritance.
Hypertension caused by kidney issues could have many leading reasons including drugs, hypoxia, malnutrition, infection, or genetic factors.
On the other hand, secondary hypertension is not that common and portrays a different list of causing factors.
Oral contraceptives, primary hyperaldosteronism, kidney disease, Cushing’s syndrome, contraction of the aorta, and sleep apnea syndrome are the main reasons for having secondary hypertension.
However, both types of hypertension are equally harmful to the human body that are diagnosed through medical tests and should be treated as soon as possible to any nearest ER hospital or you can always call the 24-hours helpline of the Emergency room.
You have to understand that hypertension is connected to obesity, and obesity is connected to hundreds of diseases and syndromes. The situation can affect your health in a very bad way and shorten your life expectancy.
Some practitioners prescribe good anti-hypertensive medicines which help a lot. But when your doctor has given you caution to reduce your weight, you might need to keep an eye on the medicine dosage.
Weight loss improves the pressure in blood and with anti-hypertensive medicines, your blood pressure might go down which is also not good.
Change your lifestyle and adopt a healthy eatery. Try to maintain your BMI between 18 to 25 by eating fibrous fruits and veggies. Skip the sugar and try to avoid dairy products and saturated fats.
A change in your lifestyle will give you a healthy life, more confidence, and an active body. Don’t let your body connect with high blood pressure as it can be lethal.
Hypertension can be treated with anti-hypertensives. Though, everyone responds differently to medications. The dosage of the medicine needs to be supervised and adjusted regularly.
If you are working on weight loss and taking medicines as well, you might need to see your doctor regularly and keep an eye on the change in the pattern.
As soon as the required blood pressure is achieved, the medicines should be adjusted again or stopped. There are plenty of medicines available and used by the physicians but with the discussion on benefits and choices.
Some medicines are not easily available and cannot be obtained without any prescription from a renowned doctor. Below is the list of the possible choices:
- ACE inhibitors
- Calcium channel blocker
- Diuretic in low dose.
Some therapies are also available like the Low-dose thiazide therapy which is less expensive and doesn’t affect glucose or lipid metabolism.